Sudan is one of the African
countries that have gone through a massive decline in the social and economical
standards. This followed the twenty one years of civil war that resulted into
many Sudanese being killed, traumatised, many children left orphans, many women
left widows, others raped and forced to bring up children whom they have not
intended to have and who do not have fathers at same time. Many people were
displaced within or outside the geographical boundaries of the country, Sudan.
A number of programmes are being placed forwards in an attempt to
resettle the displaced Sudanese people who are willing to resettle back home
following the peace agreement break through of January, 2005.
The twenty one years period of unrest and of no law and order is
raising other concerns on what the impact of the pass few years’ history would
be on Sudan’s future. Issues related to social moral standard and HIV/Aids
including the best measures to be taken in an attempt to eradicate the deadly
virus in the country are the dominating ones. Of the most concerns is the way a
new re-establishing society like Sudan would cop up with these degrading impacts
of the HIV/Aids out-breaks.
Adopt a Village in Africa is a Christian organisation that is aimed to
support African orphans and widows. It also provides assistance to the HIV/Aids
devastated persons and has liaisons in 12 Sub-Saharan African countries who are
working directly in collaboration with organisations that supports orphans,
widows and HIV/Aids victims. The 12 countries are: Congo (DRC), Ethiopia,
Kenya, Ghana, Nigeria, Rwanda, South-Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia,
History of the
effects of HIV/Aids
In the two-and-a-half decades since its outbreak, HIV has
infected more than 60 million people and AIDS has caused the deaths of more than
20 million people. The pandemic has shattered lives and left families destitute.
More than 14 million children have been orphaned by HIV/AIDS; that number is
expected to more than triple by 2010 as was reported by CARE (2004). It is
estimated that 5 million people contracted HIV in 2003, seven hundred thousand
of whom were children below age 15 WHO (2004) provides. It is also estimated
that 50% of all new HIV infections occur among young people and that 30% of the
40 million people living with HIV/AIDS are in the 15-24 year age group WHO
(2004) reported. Out of this HIV/Aids toll, an estimation of about
three-quarters of the HIV/Aids victims are said to be concentrated in African
Draft will attempt to explore
Some reasons as to
why Sudan is the most vulnerable society to be affected by Aids
What measures are
likely to be taken in an attempt to reduce the effects of Aids in Sudanese
The AAVIA long term
solution to eradicate HIV/Aids in Sudan.
The missions of the
AAVIA proposal for members visit to Sudan in the year 2006.
The reasons as
to why Sudan is the most vulnerable society to be affected by HIV/Aids
Sudan is one of the most vulnerable spot on the world that HIV/Aids has
existed for some times and where at the same time less caution is taken to
formulate a preventive national way of fighting HIV/Aids. By national way, I
meant away that would address the social causes of HIV/Aids with referral to
specific communities in the Sudanese multicultural society.
The truck in the focus on developing social and moral lives of the
communities in the Sudanese society was lost when both the government of the
Sudan, SPLA/M and other rebels movements got prostrated, lost their mines,
fought with out objectives and started to invest all the economical and social
resources on building a shit that has connected all the regions of Sudan called
‘the lowest worth of human blood in modern history’.
Cultures and traditions were destroyed and a quite good number of the
population was converted into religions of either a Christian or Islamic nature.
These religions were later on corrupted, for example Muslims were incited
against Christians and likewise Christians where incited against Muslims. The
war was successfully prolonged by just changing its cause from unequal share of
national wealth and resources in to a holy war between Christians concentrated
in the south part of the country and Muslims who are concentrated in the north.
The diminished role of the core human-social life enriching institutes
like cultures, traditions, religions and governments to work hand in hand and
improve the quality of the human lives has driven the Sudanese’s society to the
lowest level of morality. This low level of morality in the Sudan has made the
Sudanese society more vulnerable HIV/Aids and other Sexually Transmitted
Diseases (STD). By low level of morality here, I refer to things like the
decrease in right of property ownership and the decline in the respect for human
dignity. For instance, in the current Sudan, eight out of ten women from age 10
to 50 who were not able to leave the country during the civil war reported to
have being raped for at least one time. Few cases of homo sexual raping have
also being heard of. Lack of accountability or minimum punishment towards big
offices like rape has cultured many people to be satisfying their thirst and
needs through unjust means. For example the sexual relationship by forces still
continues and has now become a normal day to day way of living.
The Sudanese society is also vulnerable to HIV/Aids and many other
forms of human health hazards due to the population unrestricted drugs
consumption that have out rule the Sudan’s government theoretical law that
announce a band on drugs use. Drugs like alcohol, bongo and many others have
being used by Sudanese with out restriction and no regulation during the twenty
one years of the civil war. This increase in the use of drugs is closely related
to the above discussed increase in rape cases and rape situations in the
Sudanese society now.
The number of children born to Sudanese national and left in an
orphan’s like situation is significant and mostly linked with drugs use as well.
By saying children left in orphans like situation, I refer to the children who
are born after their mothers are being raped, or born through drugs motivated
sexual relation whereby parent/s refuses to take the responsibility of the child
Drug consumption has continued with an estimated seven out of ten males
age from 12 and older intensively involved. They used of drugs does not only
affect the Sudanese youths at the Sudan confined geographical location but it
also affect the Sudanese nationals who lives in other places. For example, a
friend who have worked with Sudanese youths involved with drugs in Australia
suggested that in ten to twenty years time, three quarter of the Sudanese’s born
youths from age 15 to 35 will be intensively involved in drugs use and
consequently will be involve with crime doing and that is in Australia.
The Sudanese society in Sudan is also vulnerable to HIV/Aids and other
potential infections due to the lack of awareness about STDs and plus the
inadequate medical facilities. The majority of the population do not get STDs
regular check or never get checked at all. This leaves a number of people who
are infected and are not aware of the infection keep on passing the virus or
disease to others without their intention.
Some culture in the Sudanese society could even make STDs more
inhibited in the Sudanese communities. Many cultures do practices polygamy (the
act of marrying many wives), which is not a problem at all but since marriages
are conducted in the absence of STDs screening, the effects of HIV/Aids or other
STDs can be devastating. Some culture like Taposa for example tolerates a
forceful sexual intercourse as the first step towards an engagement. This is
good as a culture but increases the chances of HIV/Aids and potential diseases
to pass on to other people who may not have contracted the infection before the
The business of selling and buying sex is another area of vulnerability
of Sudan to HIV/Aids and the like potential diseases. Following the Sudan’s
government declaration of Islamic law prohibiting prostitution, the prostitution
business continued in the black market. By black market, I mean a business that
is made outside the knowledge or control of the local authority. Following the
government’s rejection of the business, nothing is done to ensure the safety of
the people involve with the business. This did not only increase the chances of
STDs to spread into the communities but also increases child prostitution and
Condoms have assured many people in the Sudanese society of infection
free sex but from personal survey, it is clear that condoms can boost the STDs
infection rates particularly in Sudan. This is because seven out of ten people
who are using condoms in Sudan momentarily are reporting some cracks of condoms
when they are using them. The reasons for the cracking of the condoms are
certainly not reviewed. They may be because of bad warehousing conditions or the
condoms are being applied to communities with the assumption that they know or
will know how to use them.
are likely to be taken in an attempt to reduce the effects of HIV/Aids in
The government/s of Sudan
should work together and invest in the lines towards improving the quality of
the social morality of the society by doing the following.
Provide chances for
the destroyed cultures and traditions to be re-established and help them focus
on issues of things related to STDs and guide them all through with appropriate
religion’s institutes to develop a long terms policy that will ensure that the
future generations will not follow the same truck that this existing generation
have gone through. Here I mean they should resolve all the current problems and
give themselves a chance to focus on the futures potential problems and
The Government/s of
Sudan should be encouraged to invest in improving the medical and sanitation
situation of Sudan so that the mistake in transplanting HIV/Aids and other
potential diseases is minimised.
Christian and Islamic should return back to their main role of giving values to
human life and never at any history in Sudan should they give a chance to be
The AAVIA long
term solution to eradicating HIV/Aids in Sudan
The AAVIA will do the following in its long term plans to fight against
HIV/Aids in Sudan and to improve the quality of the lives of the children left
in orphan like situation, orphans, widows and women left in same situations and
to minimised the occurrence of such number of people being left in the like
situations in the Sudan’s future.
communities of the Sudanese society to adopt cultures, traditions and norms that
will reform the population behaviour that makes HIV/Aids a thread to their
denominations to critically work for the better of the future of Sudan. For
example, encourage both Christian, Muslims and other traditions to co operate
and focus on important issues so that they are able to create policies that will
help the society to contain the HIV/Aids epidemic and some other forms of social
morality concerns that are threatening the coming future of Sudan.
encourage the population of the Sudan to take responsibilities and be
accountable for their doings. For example, being responsible for the children
they had in either right or wrong ways.
Establish a better
way the Sudanese communities can help to reduce the threats to the future by
supporting children who do not have parent/s, orphans, widows and the like.
communities to support people with HIV/Aids and the HIV/Aids victims and
infected to support the community in the move to contain HIV/Aids.
in Sudan for year 2006
The AAVIA mission for 2006 is to work in celebration with many
organisations working in Sudan with programmes of support for the orphans,
widows and people with HIV/Aids and to adopt a national ways of preventing
HIV/Aids epidemic from separating all over the regions of Sudan. AAVIA expected
outcomes for the year 2006 are:
identity in the Sudan
awareness strategies that will inform the population from their localities.
spirit of volunteerism in the efforts to fight against HIV/Aids in Sudan
Researching on the
geographical related causes of HIV/Aids or related reasons that might encourage
the spread of the virus and develop a long term solution to HIV/Aids
communication ground for the AAVIA and Sudan government/s
Create an effective
awareness of AAVIA to the communities such as churches, international
communities or any donors who may be willing
Catering for the
orphans and widows and extend the restricted meaning of orphan and widow to
cover for the orphans’ definition left out children and the conditioned like
The AAVIA first
move for 2006
The mission of the AAVIA for the year 2006 is to send special
delegations to Sudan. The objective of this move is to develop away AAVIA can
influence the local population and government/s of Sudan to focus on the most
issues of concerns to the AAVIA and therefore pushes this issues to the top list
of their preferences. The delegations that will be sent to Sudan will be
management board should sell the project so that the programmes are reasonable
Identity of the AAVIA, that is meet with local government/s’ authorities and
legalised AAVIA operations in Sudan.
Meet with regional
or states authorities to inform them about the campaign and to review the
existing polices on HIV/Aids, Orphans and children who resulted from the
civil war low level of moralities
Meet with local
Religions, spiritual, traditional and cultural leaders and counsellors including
wise men and women to talk about issues related to HIV/Aids, impacts of huge
number of orphans on their local societies, their social fears for the future as
a result. The delegations should also talk to them about AAVIA plans and
strategies for coping with the challenges cause to the society by the war such
as orphaning population and HIV/Aids
schools authorities and encourage AAVIA representation as a move towards
encourage volunteerism and a social focus on the issue of concerned to AAVIA
The delegation then
will report their finding to AAVIA management so that it is reviewed. The AAVIA
management should then compile a comprehensive official document that will be
published. The AAVIA will then develop an improvised polices for AAVIA that will
help tackle the AAVIA concerns in Sudan in appropriate way.
The number of the delegations to
be sent to the field will be decided by the AAVIA -Sudan management team.